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ISSUE No. 34 | JUNE 2O23


ISSUE No. 34 | June 2023


If you’re new to CULTIVARE we welcome you!  CULTIVARE is a monthly field guide for life and faith, brought to you by TEND.  Each month we explore a specific “field” – a topic or theme through which we seek to cultivate contemplation, engagement, and deeper understanding. Our guiding questions are:

What are you cultivating in your life?

What fruit do you want your life to bear?

Each issue of CULTIVARE is structured into three parts:

Cultivate:  Examines a specific “Field” or facet of life and offers questions to unearth and challenge our held perspective; along with concise kernels of truth which we call “Seeds.”


Irrigate:  Explores the ways we nurture our understanding, which varies from individual to individual. We offer six means of irrigation:  Art, Poetry, Profile, Film, Essay, and Books.


Germinate: Encourages practical ways to engage in becoming more fruitful and free in our lives.  

Our name, CULTIVARE, in Spanish means “I will cultivate.” We hope each issue of our field guide will encourage you to do just that – cultivate new thoughts, actions, faith, hope, and fruitful living.  We invite you to dig in and DIG DEEP!



For we are partners working together for God, and you are God's field.

(I Corinthians 3:9)

Our theme this month is AMBITION AND WOMEN.  We didn’t set out to do an issue focused on one gender, but when our Cultivare Team met to discuss the topic of “Ambition” we discovered the women on our Team had very different experiences and perspectives on the topic than our men.  The more we discussed the topic as a Team, the more we were led to frame this month’s issue on the experiences and perspectives of women, in order to honor and encourage women and to illuminate the topic in new ways for men.


What is your view of “ambition?”  Is it primarily positive or negative?  Do you view ambition as something healthy or unhealthy in an individual?  Do you view ambition differently in a woman than a man?  When you reflect on ambition, what has influenced your perspective on the topic?


Merriam Webster’s Dictionary provides three definitions for AMBITION:

            1.  An ardent desire for rank, fame, power

            2.  Desire to achieve a particular end

            3.  A desire for activity or exertion


Elvis Presley famously stated: Ambition is a dream with a V8 engine. For much of history men have been encouraged to dream big, dare greatly, drive hard toward a particular end.  But many women heard a different message: Go slow, watch for speed bumps, and be content behind the wheel of a four-cylinder engine.  Thankfully, there have been many women throughout history who have turned a deaf ear to those messages and have learned to forge new roads and powerful new realities.


We hope this issue will help dispel unhealthy messages about ambition for women and enlighten men to their historic existence.  To that end, in this issue we feature original essays by two of our Team members and spotlight a gifted musician who recently won the Pulitzer Prize. Our profile person is a woman who could have been the greatest painter in the UK but whose life decision reveals the tension between ambition and calling.  Our featured films help illuminate the multifaceted dimensions of women pursuing their ambitions.


We acknowledge that ambition isn’t always positive or pretty – that in some contexts and characters it can be unhealthy and unsettling.  Our view is that when ambition is driven and fueled by love, it can be both beautiful and purpose filled.  But when we see ambition driven and fueled by fear, we often wince and worry.  This is where we find the words of author Flannery O’Connor helpful, as they help believers put ambition in perspective.  As O’Connor wrote:   All of our lives are consumed with possessing struggle but only when the struggle is cherished and directed to a finial consummation out of this life is it of any value. I want to be the best artist it is possible for me to be, under God.  May we each (man or woman) be faithful to our callings, and may our ambitions propel us to be our best God-ordained selves. (DG)



Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. 

Rather, in humility value others above yourselves.  (Philippians 2:3 NIV)


What good is it for someone to gain the whole world, and yet lose or forfeit their very self?

(Luke 9:25 NIV)


Surely you know that many runners take part in a race, but only one of them wins the prize. 

Run, then, in such a way as to win the prize.  (I Corinthians 9:24 GNT)



But earnestly desire the higher gifts. And I will show you a still more excellent way.

(1 Corinthians 12:31 ESV)



A handful of quotes to contemplate and cultivate into your life


The desire to reach for the stars is ambitious. The desire to reach hearts is wise.
(Maya Angelou)


Ambitions for self may be quite modest. . .. Ambitions for God, however, if they are to be worthy, can never be modest. There is something inherently inappropriate about cherishing small ambitions for God. How can we ever be content that he should acquire just a little more honor in the world? No. Once we are clear that God is King, then we long to see him crowned with glory and honor, and accorded his true place, which is the supreme place. We become ambitious for the spread of his kingdom and righteousness everywhere. (John Stott)


How we work will testify to the kind of God we believe in. If your work is concerned only with wealth and upward mobility, and not the well-being of others, then your God has become a slumlord. Work is not agnostic...Every swing of a hammer is informed by an idea.  (Sho Baraka)


Ambition is disfigured into arrogance when it becomes unmoored from self-awareness, from a realistic assessment of one's competences. (Maria Popova)


Motivation and ambition either come from fear or love, it’s up to you to choose. (Kevin Kerr)


Routine in an intelligent person is a sign of ambition. (W. H. Auden)


Character cannot be developed in ease and quiet. Only through experience of trial and suffering can the soul be strengthened, ambition inspired, and success achieved.
(Helen Keller)


All ambitions are lawful except those that climb upward on the miseries or credulities of mankind.  (Henry Ward Beecher)


True ambition is not what we thought it was. True ambition is the profound desire to live usefully and walk humbly under the grace of God. (Bill Wilson)


You say, dear God to ask for Grace and it will be given. I ask for it. I realize that there is more to it than that-- that I have to behave like I want it…. Please help me know the will of my Father, not a scrupulous nervousness nor yet lax presumption but a clear, reasonable knowledge and after this give me a strong will to be able to bend it to the will of the Father…. (Flannery O’Connor) 




Artist of the Month

Rhiannon Giddens

By Bonnie Fearer

Our profile artist for this issue defies easy categories. Rhiannon Giddens has frequently been referred to as a “musical polymath - one who has achieved greatness in several fields of endeavors.” The sentence almost under-sells her. Classically trained in opera, she also plays fiddle, banjo, guitar, and a variety of other instruments. As founder of the Grammy Award winning group, The Carolina Chocolate Drops, she breathed new life into historic gospel and slave ballads, as well as introducing her own folk-inspired music. Now, she has written an opera based on the real-life autobiography of Omar bin Said, a Senegalese Muslim, who was captured and brought to America to live the rest of his life as a slave. The opera, simply titled “Omar,” was just honored with the 2023 Pulitzer Prize for Music.


As a biracial woman growing up in the South, Rhiannon Giddens had numerous obstacles to overcome. Despite those challenges, her ambition was always the steady pursuit of musical excellence. As a result, she has collected a dizzying array of awards too long to list here. Other artists might rest satisfied with that. Giddens, however, has had a larger ambition -- to advance racial equity and equality in the arts. As a recipient of the MacArthur Genuis Grant, she has spoken out on this topic at Stanford, Yale, and Harvard, among other academic institutions. In the words of the MacArthur organization, "Giddens's drive to understand and convey the nuances, complexities, and interrelationships between musical traditions is enhancing our musical present with a wealth of sounds and textures from the past." Giddens embodies the best kind of ambition -- a pursuit of excellence that simultaneously elevates others. 

Read more about Rhiannon Giddens here: View Now »  View Now »
Watch: View Now »

Better yet, just listen to her music: Listen Now »

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My Little Dreams

Georgia Douglas Johnson

I’m folding up my little dreams
Within my heart tonight,
And praying I may soon forget
The torture of their sight.

For Time’s deft fingers scroll my brow
With fell relentless art—
I’m folding up my little dreams
Tonight, within my heart!




Emily Dickinson


We never know how high we are

Till we are called to rise;

And then, if we are true to plan,

Our statures touch the skies.


The heroism we recite

Would be a daily thing,

Did not ourselves the cubits warp

For fear to be a king.



Lilias Trotter

Take the very hardest thing in your life - the place of difficulty, outward or inward,

and expect God to triumph gloriously in that very spot.

Just there He can bring your soul into blossom. (Lilias Trotter)

Has the world missed one of the greatest women artists of all time?

Could you give up your dreams to fulfill your true calling?


Lilias Trotter is likely unknown to many of our readers, but she is an evocative example of ambition and faithfulness.  Born July 14, 1853 into a large and wealthy family, Trotter could have been one of the most renowned painters in England. Tutored in painting by famed art critic John Ruskin, he said of Trotter: “She seemed to learn everything the instant she was shown it, and ever so much more than she was taught.” Ruskin’s view of Trotter’s artistic gifts was profound, stating that she possessed “heartsight as deep as eyesight” (a phrase he also used to describe artist J.M.W. Turner) and writing to her, “I pause to think how-anyhow-I can convince you of the marvelous gift that is in you.”


In addition to her artistic gifts Trotter also possessed a deep spiritual faith, which was observed early in her life by family and friends and deepened in her early twenties through the deeper-life conferences held at Broadlands, Oxford, and Brighton.  Over time these conferences grew into the Keswick Conferences and ministries of today.  Throughout her twenties Trotter’s Christian faith clarified and solidified, and through various spiritual practices, “the rudder of her will was set” toward God’s purposes.  She began to volunteer for various Christian ministries, including to the prostitutes of Victoria Station, as her heart was moved with compassion for the “lost sheep” who she delighted to introduce to the Good Shepherd. As part of her work, she helped open London’s first affordable public restaurant for women, disrupting the common practice of eating bag lunches on city sidewalks.


As Trotter’s immersion in painting deepened, so, too, did her commitment to her spiritual calling.  Ruskin grew frustrated with the toll the ministry was having on their work together and he expressed concern that her volunteer work in London was affecting the character of her artwork. One day Ruskin called Trotter to his home and communicated to her that, “she would be the greatest living painter and do things that would be immortal.”  With Ruskin’s influence and his power as a cultural leader, he was willing to single-handedly promote her career as an artist--  but the offer came with a caveat.  For Trotter to become “Immortal” she would have to give herself completely to art.


For several days following their meeting, Trotter engaged in agonizing discernment as she saw that she could not devote herself to both art and ministry.  She wrote, “I see clear as daylight now, I cannot give myself to painting in the way he means and continue to ‘seek first the Kingdom of God and His Righteousness.’”  Many of her friends and family members were shocked and disappointed by her decision.  And today, if one visits the Ashmolean Museum, you may find her decision heart-wrenching.  There, in exhibited painting after painting, are works by Ruskin’s students – Millais, Rossetti, Holman Hunt, Ford Madox Brown – whereas Trotter’s works, equal in artistry and complexity, are filed away, viewable only by request.


In May 1887 at a meeting about the challenging work of foreign mission, specifically in North Africa, Trotter felt the call of God on her life to bring the Good News of Jesus Christ to the people of Algeria. She would overcome various roadblocks to serving in Algeria, but she faithfully served as a missionary to Algeria for the next four decades, bringing the light, life, and love of Christ to the Arab people of North Africa.  At the time of her death in 1928 Trotter had established thirteen mission stations, employing over thirty workers, under the name Algiers Mission Band, united in her vision to bring “the light of the knowledge of God, in the face of Christ” to the people of North Africa. (DG)


When God delays in fulfilling our little thoughts,

it is to have Himself room to work out His great ones.

(Lilias Trotter)


To learn more about Lilias Trotter:


Visit the Lilias Trotter Legacy website:  View Now »


View the 2015 Documentary Film of Trotter’s life by award winning

filmmaker Laura Waters Hinson, entitled Many Beautiful Things.

Trailer:  View Now »

Film:  View Now »

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Each month we recommend films focused on our theme

Feature Film

Joy (2015)

The movie Joy is a 2015 American biopic written and directed by David O. Russell starring Jennifer Lawrence as Joy Mangano, a self-made millionaire who created her own business empire.  Lawrence received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress for the role. 

Joy tells the story of a divorced Long Island mother who invents a detachable, self-wringing mop and overcomes significant obstacles to develop a wildly successful enterprise, first with QVC and later with the Home Shopping Network. And although that premise aligns closely with Mangano’s life, in an interview with TIME, Lawrence shared that the movie is only 50% inspired by Mangano. The other half, Lawrence says, comes from “David’s imagination and different daring women that have inspired him.” Available on various streaming services.

Documentary Film

20 Feet from Stardom (2013)

The film 20 Feet from Stardom is a joyous, yet sometimes sad, documentary about the greatest backup singers of the rock and roll era of the 1950s and 60s. The movie depicts the ways in which these singers contributed a happy, unique sound to countless rock and pop hits, yet rarely received much credit or royalty payments. Winner of the 2014 Academy Award for Best Documentary, 20 Feet from Stardom received critical acclaim.  The film has received a 99% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes.  Available on various streaming services.

Short Film

Jazz Clarinetist Doreen Ketchens Plays Her Dream Gig

(6 minutes)

Doreen Ketchens is an institution in New Orleans, where the jazz musician performs at the intersection of Royal Street and St. Peter, affectionately known as "Doreen's Corner." When CBS Sunday Morning senior contributor Ted Koppel interviewed Ketchens in 2022, she stated her ambition was to play the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C. This year she fulfilled her dream, and CBS Sunday Morning documented the experience.

View Now »



TED Talk 

For Women in Pursuit of Motherhood and a Career

(11 Minutes)

Irene Mora credits her own ambition and drive to her mother, the successful CEO of a multinational company. From her unique childhood -- hopping around the world and being exposed to new environments -- Mora learned valuable skills that later informed and helped her excel in business, including adaptability, authenticity and independence. Mora encourages mothers to pursue a family and a career -- their kids may just thank them for it.

View Now »

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My Dis-Ease with Ambition
By Bonnie Fearer & Heather Shackelford

Editor’s Note:  When our Cultivare Team began to discuss the topic of “Ambition” together, it became readily apparent that the women on our team had very different experiences and perspectives on the topic than the men on our team.  To honor our women colleagues’ experiences and perspectives we made the decision to focus the entire issue on “Ambition and Women,” and invited two of the women on our team to reflect on their experiences in our Essay section.  What follows are their wonderfully honest reflections. (DG)



Bonnie Fearer:


Like many women, the word “ambition,” for me, carries some weighty cargo. Social conditioning has resulted in a double standard where ambition is admired and praised in men; while for women, ambition is either suspect, criticized, or even squelched – and not just by men. The more painful reality is that women are often wary of ambition in other women. Look at the portrayals of ambitious women we see in film or on TV. Virtually all of them exhibit manipulative behavior and questionable character. For all these reasons, I have never “owned” my own ambition. Instead of claiming it, I have given it other, more socially acceptable, names. I don’t have “ambitions”, I have “dreams,” “big ideas,” “goals,” etc. But if ambition is a dream, driven by will towards a goal, then I have ambition. And I always have. Why am I, like so many women, afraid to just say it, and project it with confidence? Maybe we feel that we won’t succeed without being liked. And so, our ambition gets gently released into the world in the form of other, softer, words (dreams, ideas, goals) – like a fragile soap bubble hoping not to be popped.


I didn’t start out this way. I grew up with a dad who told me I could do whatever I set my mind to, and I believed him. Then I stepped out into the world. In my naivete, I charged forth ready to stake my claims personally and professionally, just like my male counterparts, but found that I was often dismissed, ignored or patronized in my work settings. When I did give voice to my ambition, it made the subsequent dismissal so much more painful. Thus, experience says to give ambition a different vocabulary, which I did. The problem with that approach, however, is the professional world often doesn’t recognize ambition by its other synonyms.


I’m older now. As I enter my mid-60’s, I have fewer and fewer people I feel I need to impress. I have experienced a degree of professional satisfaction in my life, and it was hard-won. Now, I feel emboldened to name my ambitions for what they are: My dreams, driven by will, towards a goal.  There. I said it.



Heather Shackelford:


I grew up in the evangelical church tradition. In the specific stream I grew up in I didn’t hear overt messages that said women shouldn’t be ambitious or that it was “wrong” for women to work outside the home or lead within the church, but I didn’t know many women in my church doing any of those things. Eventually I went to college and felt the space and freedom to imagine how things could be different.  Though I personally chose to take a homemaker path, I still planned to push into other endeavors. In the late 1990s and early 2000s I had plenty of women friends that I was glad to support going into graduate programs and forging career paths. I was curious and excited for where they would land and where my future path would take me.


During my time of early child raising something happened to me. Or rather, God did something to me.  He broke my heart for the church.  For various reasons He needed to, but the result was that I spent the next twenty years reading and interceding for the sake of the Church. Over the years, I have had many experiences of being frustrated and foiled by the brokenness within myself and the Body of Christ—that Body that I love and in which I experience so much grace. But this recent season has given way to seeing more clearly what is required for women to function in that space.

For starters, freedom in the mind doesn’t always override nurture in the heart. My upbringing and subculture still have intrinsic messages deep within their cultural DNA.  I felt confident in choosing to have kids early and mostly stay at home because I believed that cultivating and continuing to explore my gifts and ability to contribute outside the home was not off limits. But I began to see how doing so was problematic, particularly in my evangelical setting. Many men in the church who have also grown up in the Christian subculture have never had the opportunity or ease of working with women as peers or leaders in church ministry. That has a cost and creates a specific dynamic. As I have come to navigate more and more the ways that ambition looks in myself, I am seeing how it has been hidden and disguised—in ways that took a long time to be recognized and named, and how it didn’t get the refining and discipleship it needed. 


Once ambition is named, its shadow side must be acknowledged. A lot of discernment needs to happen around how it is acted upon, and that discernment usually happens best in community. Because I felt shame around what was actually ambition, that discernment process was skipped. I was regularly called out by the older women I was trying to look up to for having poor boundaries and for being discontent. No doubt there was, and still is, some truth to that, but looking back, I believe a potential quality or gift wasn’t being named or called out for shaping and redeeming. I felt frustrated and confused between what I felt God was calling me into and the warnings I was hearing from those around me. 


Second, there’s been opportunity cost. It took me over a decade to finally admit to myself that I was indeed ambitious. Within my family and community context, there was a complete lack of imagination being cultivated for anything other than a traditional path. I have come to realize that I/we really need the generation before us supporting us and serving as cheerleaders for pushing into harder career choices and places of influence, support that would allow for the extra schooling or hours of study. Nobody in my community would have said it was wrong for me to pursue these things, but I knew without asking that I wasn’t going to be supported by most of the women-older-than-me in my family and community.  Not supported in time or resources, much less encouragement, if I struggled with my own self-doubt. 


I am also recognizing how I budget for and use extra energy to prove that I am not trying to jockey for a position in leadership in some inappropriate way while navigating church politics and culture. I and many other women I know simply want to see our gifts used while serving the church. We realize that culture, both church and secular, reinforces this idea that women do have to do more to flourish in that space. How much talent and gifting has been lost to the church because of this? How much energy expended has been lost?


When women feel the need to hide their ambition or deny it, then there is an array of gifts left shelved, to the detriment to the Body of Christ. When I or others feel the temptation to downplay leadership skills for fear of seeming ambitious, what is lost? How can we cultivate discipleship around ambition, rather than feel shame about it and pretend like it's not there? There is a good chance that some of this applies to men also. Could it be that untapped ambition could be as costly for the church as unbridled ambition?  These are some of the fruits of the omission around recognizing and cultivating ambition or desire to lead with women in the church. It is true today that attitudes are changing, but it might be helpful to recognize that while there is a lot more openness and invitation for women to pursue much more than in past generations, there still might be some unrealized hurdles and unrecognized consequences from older ways of thinking.


May the Holy Spirit expose more of these good gifts the Father has been giving us so that they might be covered and be made safe by the good work of Jesus did on the cross. May this be so for both men and women, for the sake of the Body of Christ, and for the sake of the Kingdom in the world today. 




Each month we recommend a book (or two) focused on our theme

All My Knotted-Up Life

By Beth Moore

New York Times best-selling author, speaker, visionary, and founder of Living Proof Ministries Beth Moore has devoted her whole life to helping women across the globe come to know the transforming power of Jesus. An established writer of many acclaimed books and Bible studies for women on spiritual growth and personal development, Beth now unveils her own story in a much-anticipated debut memoir.  All My Knotted-Up Life is told with surprising candor about some of the personal heartbreaks and behind-the-scenes challenges that have marked Beth’s life. But beyond that, it’s a beautifully crafted portrait of resilience and survival, a poignant reminder of God’s enduring faithfulness, and proof positive that if we ever truly took the time to hear people’s full stories . . . we’d all walk around slack-jawed.

View Now »


The Song of the Lark

By Willa Cather


In this powerful portrait of the self-making of an artist, Willa Cather created one of her most extraordinary heroines. Thea Kronborg, a minister's daughter in a provincial Colorado town, seems destined from childhood for a place in the wider world. But as her path to the world stage leads her ever farther from the humble town she can't forget and from the man she can't afford to love, Thea learns that her exceptional musical talent and fierce ambition are not enough.  

It is in the solitude of a tiny rock chamber high in the side of an Arizona cliff--"a cleft in the heart of the world"--that Thea comes face to face with her own dreams and desires, stripped clean by the haunting purity of the ruined cliff dwellings and inspired by the whisperings of their ancient dust. Here she finds the courage to seize her future and to use her gifts to catch "the shining, elusive element that is life itself--life hurrying past us and running away, too strong to stop, too sweet to lose." In prose as shimmering and piercingly true as the light in a desert canyon, Cather takes us into the heart of a woman coming to know her deepest self.

View Now »




Childrens Book

Broadway Bird

By Alex Timbers


Louisa is a tiny parakeet with a HUGE dream: to be a Broadway star. But no matter what she does, everyone keeps telling her she's too small to make it big. When a chance at her big break comes, Louisa learns that no matter how small you are, with a little talent and a lot of hard work, you can do anything - even be on Broadway!  With colorful, charming illustrations by artist Alisa Coburn, this heartfelt picture book from renowned Broadway director Alex Timbers is about persistence, believing in yourself, and, of course, the magic of Broadway.

View Now »



Practical suggestions to help you go deeper into our theme


Devote some time and thought to these reflective questions on our theme:

a.   What comes to mind when you hear the word “ambition?”

b.   Do you consider yourself ambitious?  Why or why not?

c.   Is it important to have ambitions?  Why or why not?

d.   Who is the most ambitious person you know?

e.   What were your ambitions when you were a child?

f.    What unfulfilled ambitions do you have today?

g.   When can ambition be dangerous?



In this wonderful reflection on Ambition by author Andy Stager, he writes: I have tended to go on spurts of great ambition myself. And to champion ambition against its naysayers. And I would still defend it today, if what we mean by ambition is intentionality, deliberateness, zeal, and even something so crude-sounding as goal-setting.

View Now »



Award-winning cookbook author and Chinatown advocate Grace Young talks about her love for the wok and takes a trip to New York City's oldest Chinatown with CBS News' Adam Yamaguchi to find out how these communities are doing three years after the pandemic.

View Now »

4.     DO WOMEN LACK AMBITION? – Harvard Business Review

In this extensive article by professor and psychiatrist Anna Fels, she writes: “For men, ambition is considered a necessary and desirable part of life. Most women, however, associate ambition with egotism, self-aggrandizement, or manipulation. Getting to the bottom of why this is so required study of what ambition consists of—for both sexes.”  Read the entire article here:

View Now »



5.     ANSWERED PRAYERS: WHEN GOD SHOWS UP – Bonus Short Video (3 minutes)

When incoming college freshman Mykehia Curry sent up a prayer (attached to a helium balloon) asking: “God, please help me to go to college….please help me to get everything I need to leave Wednesday,” she could not have imagined the way God answered her prayer and the prayers of the man who responded.

View Now »



We fear the label ordinary.
It seems that every voice tells us to pursue greatness.
Discover the dream and journey towards success.
Along the way, we find that our definitions of dreams and success differ from Yours.

We weary ourselves for the label extraordinary.
You see the extra hours we log for perfection.
You know the anxiety of all our presentations.
You hear us tell ourselves about the things other than You to make us matter.

Jesus, infuse in our hearts healthy ambition.
Teach how to live with excellence in worship.
May our ambition start with what You have done in us before what happens outside of us.
Release us from masquerading strength, so that we might find grace in our weaknesses.

Also, we confess that we have not always prioritized ambition rightly.
Let us start by making an ambition to become more like You in word and deed.
Provide us with the ambition to give grace to those closest to us.
Renew our hearts and minds with Your definition of greatness.
Replace the lies of unhealthy ambition with the truth of the Gospel.

Our ultimate worth and security comes from knowing You, not from personal accomplishments.
Thank You for the patience You have offered to us and the grace You have bestowed on us.


dig deeper


But blessed is the one who trusts in the Lord,

whose confidence is in him.

They will be like a tree planted by the water

that sends out its roots by the stream.

It does not fear when heat comes;

its leaves are always green.

It has no worries in a year of drought

and never fails to bear fruit.

(Jeremiah 17:7-8 NIV)


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Images used in order of appearance:

1.   FIELD:   Amelia Earhart’s first pilot license, Issued May 16, 1923, 99’s Museum of Women Pilots, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma


2.  SEEDS:   Photo by Armin Linnartz, Angela Merkel, July 2010


3.  ART:   Photo by Karen Cox, Rhiannon Giddens, 2020, New York Times


4.  POETRY:  Norman Rockwell, Rosie the Riveter, 1943. Cover illustration for the Saturday Evening Post, published on May 29, 1943


5.   PROFILE:   Lilias Trotter, Unknown artist


6.   FILM:  Photo by Evan Agostini, Michelle Yeoh, 2023, Associated Press


7.   ESSAY:  Photo by Nik Wheeler, Mother Teresa and Child, Sygma/Corbis


8.   BOOKS:  Jean-Jacques Scherrer, Joan of Arc Enters Orleans, 1887, Musee des Beaux-Arts d’Orleans, France


9.   DIG DEEPER:  Photo by Stephen Chernin, Venus Williams, Billie Jean King, and Serena Williams, Associated Press


10.   ROOTED:  Edwin Austin Abbey, The Three Marys, 1937, Yale University Art Gallery,

New Haven, Connecticut

TEAM CULTIVARE: Duane Grobman (Editor), Elizabeth Bolsinger, Amy Drennan, Greg Ehlert, Bonnie Fearer, Ben Hunter, Eugene Kim, Nick Kinnier, Andrew Massey, Rita McIntosh, Jason Miller, Heather Shackelford, Jason Pearson (Design:



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